|The Last Days|
|As Hirschfeld stepped up his activities during his exile in Paris, health gradually deteriorated. This was certainly brought about by the destruction of his life-work by Fascists; by the the loss of his friend Karl Giese, who had been expelled from France in October 1934 following a "public baths swimming scandal" 1 , and by the late effects of malaria and diabetes.
In November 1934, he moved to Nice because of its moderate climate. Here, too, he was a much consulted person, receiving many visitors. May 14 1935:
Hirschfeld celebrated his 67th birthday with Ernst Maass and Robert Kirchberger who had been joining him for walks the previous few days. At 10 o'clock they read the birthday mail together 2 .
A photo taken at noon shows Hirschfeld to be dead.
On May 21, the urn was buried in the Caucade cemetery.
A memorial plaque was attached to the gravestone with the inscription: "PER SCIENTIAM AD JUSTITIAM", one of Hirschfeld's mottos: Justice through Science 3 4 .
Institute colleague Max Hodann wrote in July 1935 from his exile in Sweden to Hirschfeld's friend Karl Giese:
"I fear that after Hirschfeld's death his entire work may now fall apart, not only materially but also traditionally [...] Perhaps we could get together a small circle of people sufficiently interested in sustaining the Institute's scientific tradition to actively do something for it [...]"